Calculation scales and calculation ranges
Many calculations in WebSphere Commerce involve looking up a value from a table. For example, a store has shipping charges based on the number of items shipped in an order.
The table of shipping charges looks like this:
Number of items in order  Shipping charge (local currency) 

< 5  3.00 
5  10  10.00 
11  15  22.00 
> 15  50.00 
To calculate the shipping charge, a clerk counts the number of items in the order and uses the total number of items to find the shipping charge in the table.
WebSphere Commerce provides a similar function as part of the calculation framework, in the form of calculation scales. Think of calculation scales as twocolumn tables, where the values in the first column are compared with a known value to find a row in the table. The value in the second column is then applied to a calculation associated with the original known value.
The process of finding the value from the table is called a scale lookup. The calculation scale consists of a list of calculation ranges and associated lookup results. The known value that is compared to the calculation ranges is called a lookup number. For example, when calculating shipping charges using Example of a table used to determine shipping charges for an order that contains eight items, the lookup number is 8, the calculation range that the lookup number matches is 5  10, and the lookup result is 10.00.
A calculation scale can be used to calculate monetary amounts, one for each order item in a list. The default implementation of the CalculationRuleCalculate calculation method uses calculation scales. The amounts that are calculated are determined by the calculation ranges and range values of the calculation scale, and by the calculation methods they use. Calculation scales are associated with either a MonetaryCalculationScaleLookup or a QuantityCalculationScaleLookup calculation method. Calculation ranges are associated with a CalculationRange calculation method.
Calculation scale properties
Calculation scales have properties associated with them that affect when a calculation scale is applied and the monetary amounts calculated using a calculation scale. A calculation scale can have the following properties:
 Currency
 A calculation scale can be associated with a specific currency. Associating
a calculation scale with a currency implies that all the calculation ranges
in the scale are in that currency. A calculation scale that is associated
with a currency applies to order items if the scale meets one of the following
conditions:
 The calculation scale and the order items have the same currency.
 The currencies of the items can be converted to the calculation scale currency and no calculation scales with the same currency as the item exist. If multiple calculation scales for the same calculation usage with different currencies can be applied, the results of the scales are converted to the order item currency. The scale producing the lowest monetary amount in the order item currency is applied.
A calculation scale can be associated with a currency only, a unit of measurement only, or neither. A calculation scale cannot be associated with both a currency and a unit of measurement.
 Unit of measurement
 A calculation scale can be associated with a specific unit of measurement.
Associating a calculation scale with a unit of measurement implies that all
calculation ranges in the scale are in that unit of measurement.
An order item can have a unit of measurement associated with its quantity or weight. Various CalculationScaleLookup calculation methods use either the quantity or the weight of the item to determine lookup values. Lookup values are compared with calculation range start values to determine which CalculationRange calculation methods to call.
For CalculationScaleLookup calculation methods that use an item's quantity value, the unit of measurement of the quantity must be convertible to the unit of measurement for the calculation scale. For CalculationScaleLookup calculation methods that use an item's weight value, the unit of measurement of the weight must be convertible to the unit of measurement for the calculation scale. The units of measurement for quantity and weight of order items are specified in the CATENTSHIP database table, referenced by the CATENTRY_ID column of the OrderItem.
A unit of measurement is convertible to another unit of measurement if they are the same, or if there are conversions defined in the QTYCONVERT database table that would allow a conversion from the one to the other.
A calculation scale can be associated with a currency only, a unit of measurement only, or neither. A calculation scale cannot be associated with both a currency and a unit of measurement.
 Calculation usage
 A calculation usage defines the type of calculation to which the calculation
scale applies. See Calculation usages.
WebSphere Commerce requires each calculation scale to have a calculation usage.
In addition to these properties, calculation scales are classified by the CalculationScaleLookup calculation method that is associated with the calculation scale:
 Monetary calculation scale
 A monetary calculation scale is a calculation scale that is associated with MonetaryCalculationScaleLookup.
 Quantity calculation scale
 A quantity calculation scale is a calculation scale that is associated with QuantityCalculationScaleLookup.
Calculation range properties
Calculation ranges have properties that affect how the values in calculation rules are used. A calculation range can have the following property:
 Cumulative
 If the calculation ranges for a calculation scale are cumulative, the
resulting total monetary amount for the calculation scale is calculated using
the lookup results for all calculation ranges that match or are less than
the lookup number. The resulting monetary amount depends on the CalculationRange
calculation method used by the calculation range.
Also, the lookup number used to calculate the monetary amount for each calculation range changes for each calculation range. This modified lookup number is called the applicable part of the lookup number.
For example, consider the following weightbased calculation scale:
Table 1. Weightbased calculation scale Shipping weight Charge greater than or equal to 0kg 2.00 fixed charge greater than or equal to 5kg 0.25 per kg greater than or equal to 10kg 0.10 per kg greater than or equal to 100kg 0.01 per kg The total shipping charge for a 20kg package, assuming cumulative calculation ranges, will be determined using a number of calculation ranges. The lookup number is 20, but the applicable part of the lookup number will change as the total shipping cost is calculated. The applicable part of the lookup number is calculated using the following formula:
min(lookupNumber, rangeEnd)  rangeStart
The following table shows the applicable parts of the lookup number used:
Table 2. Applicable parts of lookup numbers Lookup number Range starting value Range ending value Applicable part of the lookup number 20 0 5 5 20 5 10 5 20 10 100 10 The applicable parts of the lookup number are used to determine the total shipping cost as follows:
 The lookup number (20) matches the first range. The monetary result is the lookup result applying to the applicable part of the lookup number (5). The total shipping charge is 2.00.
 The lookup number (20) matches the second range. The monetary result (0.25) is the lookup result applying to the applicable part of the lookup number (5). The resulting shipping charge is 1.25. Because the calculation range is cumulative, this amount is added to the existing shipping charges. The total shipping charge is now 3.25.
 The lookup number (20) matches the third range. The monetary result (0.10) is the lookup result applying to the applicable part of the lookup number (10). The resulting shipping charge is 1.00. Because the calculation range is cumulative, this amount is added to the existing shipping charges. The total shipping charge is now 4.25.
 The lookup number (20) does not match the fourth range. The calculation is complete. The total shipping charge is 4.25.
If the calculation ranges are noncumulative, the applicable part of the lookup number and the lookup number are the same. The shipping charges would be determined as follows:
 The lookup number (20) matches the first range. The monetary result is the lookup result applying to the applicable part of the lookup number (20). The total shipping charge is 2.00.
 The lookup number (20) matches the second range. The monetary result (0.25) is the lookup result applying to the applicable part of the lookup number (20). The resulting shipping charge is 5.00. Because the calculation range is noncumulative, this amount replaces the existing shipping charges. The total shipping charge is now 5.00.
 The lookup number (20) matches the third range. The monetary result (0.10) is the lookup result applying to the applicable part of the lookup number (20). The resulting shipping charge is 2.00. Because the calculation range is noncumulative, this amount replaces the existing shipping charges. The total shipping charge is now 2.00.
 The lookup number (20) does not match the fourth range. The calculation is complete. The total shipping charge is 2.00.
Database tables for calculation scales and calculation ranges
Information about a calculation scale and the calculation ranges that make up the scale is separated into different tables. The following WebSphere Commerce database tables define calculation scales and calculation ranges:
 CALSCALE
 Defines calculation scales.
 CALSCALEDS
 Contains national language descriptions of a calculation scale. This allows one calculation scale to have descriptions in multiple languages.
 CRULESCALE
 Relates a calculation scale to a calculation rule. A calculation rule can have multiple calculation scales and a calculation scale can be used by multiple calculation rules.
 CALRANGE
 Defines the calculation ranges that make up a calculation scale.
 CALRLOOKUP
 Contains the lookup results for calculation ranges. The currencies of the lookup results, optional attributes, are also specified in this database table.
Calculation scale and calculation range data model diagram
The following data model diagram illustrates the relationships between the database tables for defining calculation scales and calculation ranges.
Calculation methods for calculation scales
Three subclasses of calculation methods are associated with calculation scales:
 MonetaryCalculationScaleLookup
 QuantityCalculationScaleLookup
 CalculationRange
A QuantityCalculationScaleLookup applies to quantity calculation scales, while a MonetaryCalculationScaleLookup applies to monetary calculation scales.
CalculationScaleLookup calculation methods
The MonetaryCalculationScaleLookup and QuantityCalculationScaleLookup calculation methods determine a number of values required to perform a range lookup and calculate any monetary amounts using the lookup result. The calculation methods use a set of order items, a calculation rule, and a calculation scale passed to them by the CalculationRuleCalculate calculation method to determine the following items:
 Base monetary value
 An amount that CalculationRange calculation method can use to calculate a monetary amount.
 Lookup number
 The value compared to the ranges in the calculation scale to find a lookup result.
 Mathematical weights
 The mathematical weights are values that are used to distribute the total
calculated monetary amount using a calculation scale to each of the order
items in the set that is passed to the CalculationScaleLookup calculation
method. The CalculationScaleLookup calculation method returns one mathematical
weight for each item in the set.
The total monetary amount is distributed according to the percentage of the total mathematical weight that one order item's mathematical weight represents. If an order item's mathematical weight represents 23% of the total mathematical weight of the items being processed, the item's monetary amount is 23% of the total monetary amount determined for the calculation scale.
For example, assume that monetary amounts for three OrderItems (ItemA, ItemB, and ItemC) are being determined and the total monetary amount determined for the calculation scale is $156. The following table shows how mathematical weights distribute the total monetary amount across the OrderItems:
Table 3. Example of distributing total monetary amount using mathematical weights OrderItem Mathematical weight Percentage of total mathematical weights Calculation OrderItem monetary amount ItemA 9 18% $156*0.18 $28.08 ItemB 25 50% $156*0.50 $78.00 ItemC 16 32% $156*0.32 $49.92  Result multiplier
 The result multiplier specifies the value by which the resulting monetary value should be multiplied to calculate a monetary amount for the set of OrderItems.
Note: Different implementations of the MonetaryCalculationScaleLookup or QuantityCalculationScaleLookup calculation methods will give different results for these items when using the same sets of OrderItems.
MonetaryCalculationScaleLookup and QuantityCalculationScaleLookup calculation methods return the base monetary value, the lookup number, the set of mathematical weights and the set of result multipliers to the CalculationRuleCalculate calculation method. CalculationRuleCalculate then finds the calculation range lookup result corresponding to the lookup value and passes the applicable part of the lookup result to CalculationRange. The applicable part of the lookup result depends on whether the calculation range is cumulative. CalculationRange returns a monetary amount. The returned monetary amount is then distributed among the set of OrderItems according to the mathematical weights calculated for each order item.
For more information, see CalculationRange calculation method.
The following section discusses the CalculationScaleLookup and CalculationRange calculation methods and the default implementations provided with WebSphere Commerce. Additional information about the interfaces and commands that implement the subclasses of the calculation methods can be found in the API documentation of the online information.
MonetaryCalculationScaleLookup calculation methods
For MonetaryCalculationScaleLookup calculation methods, the lookup number and base monetary values that are determined by the method are both monetary amounts. The amounts for determining the lookup number and base monetary values are different depending on the implementation of the lookup method for the monetary calculation scale. Here are some values that are commonly used in the calculation framework:
 Net price
 The value for net price is the unit price of the order item (ORDERITEMS.PRICE) multiplied by the quantity (ORDERITEMS.QUANTITY) plus the sum of all adjustments associated with the item.
 Nondiscounted price
 The value for nondiscounted price is the unit price of the order item (ORDERITEMS.PRICE) multiplied by the quantity (ORDERITEMS.QUANTITY).
 Taxable net price
 The value for taxable net price that is used for a particular tax category is the nondiscounted price plus the sum of all order item adjustments subject to taxation for the category. The value of taxable net price might be different for each tax category since different items and adjustments might be subject to different categories.
 Taxable unit price
 The value for taxable unit price that is used for a particular tax category is the taxable net price of the order item divided by the quantity (ORDERITEMS.QUANTITY). The perunit taxable adjustment is the total of all order item adjustments subject to taxation for the tax category and divided by the quantity (ORDERITEMS.QUANTITY).
 Unit price
 The value for unit price is the perunit price of an OrderItem (ORDERITEMS.PRICE) plus the perunit adjustment for the OrderItem. The per unit adjustment is the total of all order item adjustments divided by the quantity (ORDERITEMS.QUANTITY).
MonetaryCalculationScaleLookup calculation methods must extend the CalculationScaleLookupCmd interface. For more information see the CalculationScaleLookupCmd interface.
The following MonetaryCalculationScaleLookup calculation methods are provided with WebSphere Commerce:
 NetPriceCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
 NetPriceWithQuantityAsResultMultiplierCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
 NetShippingCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
 NonDiscountedPriceCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
 TaxableNetPriceCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
 TaxableNetPriceTaxOnTaxCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
 TaxableNetPricePlusNetShippingCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
 TaxableUnitPriceCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
 TaxableUnitPricePlusUnitShippingCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
 UnitPriceCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
 UnitShippingCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
NetPriceCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
This command is suitable for calculating discounts or shipping scales based on a discounted price.
The values calculated by this command are as follows:
 Base monetary value
 The sum of net prices of the OrderItems
 Lookup number
 The sum of net prices of the OrderItems
 Mathematical weights
 The net price of each OrderItem
 Result multiplier
 One
The lookup number is converted to the currency of the calculation scale. If no conversion is possible, this calculation method returns null.
For the lookup number to be converted to the currency of the calculation scale, the conversion from the calculation scale currency to the order currency must be defined in WebSphere Commerce.
NetShippingCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
This command is suitable for calculating tax scales on shipping charges.
The values calculated by this command are as follows:
 Base monetary value
 The sum of all the shipping charges for the OrderItems (ORDERITEMS.SHIPCHARGE)
 Lookup number
 The sum of all the shipping charges for the OrderItems (ORDERITEMS.SHIPCHARGE)
 Mathematical weights
 The shipping charge for each OrderItem
 Result multiplier
 One
The lookup number is converted to the currency of the calculation scale. If no conversion is possible, this calculation method returns null.
For the lookup number to be converted to the currency of the calculation scale, the conversion from the calculation scale currency to the order currency must be defined in WebSphere Commerce.
NonDiscountedPriceCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
This command is suitable for shipping scales and some kinds of discounts. For example, if a percentage discount is based on the nondiscounted price of an item, two successive 10% discounts would give the customer a total 20% discount. If the discount is based on the net price of an item, two successive 10% discounts would give the customer a total 19% discount, because the second discount is based on the price of the item minus the first discount (or 90% of the original nondiscounted price).
The values calculated by this command are as follows:
 Base monetary value
 The sum of the nondiscounted prices of OrderItems
 Lookup number
 The sum of the nondiscounted prices of OrderItems
 Mathematical weights
 The nondiscounted price of each OrderItem
 Result multiplier
 One
The lookup number is converted to the currency of the calculation scale. If no conversion is possible, this calculation method returns null.
For the lookup number to be converted to the currency of the calculation scale, the conversion from the calculation scale currency to the order currency must be defined in WebSphere Commerce.
TaxableNetPriceCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
This command is suitable for sales tax scales.
The values calculated by this command are as follows:
 Base monetary value
 The sum of the taxable net prices of OrderItems
 Lookup number
 The sum of the taxable net prices of OrderItems
 Mathematical weights
 The taxable net price of each OrderItem
 Result multiplier
 One
The lookup number is converted to the currency of the calculation scale. If no conversion is possible, this calculation method returns null.
For the lookup number to be converted to the currency of the calculation scale, the conversion from the calculation scale currency to the order currency must be defined in WebSphere Commerce.
TaxableNetPriceTaxOnTaxCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
This command is suitable for sales tax scales.
The values calculated by this command are as follows:
 Base monetary value
 The sum of the taxable net prices of OrderItems, plus the tax amounts already applied to the OrderItems.
 Lookup number
 The sum of the taxable net prices of OrderItems.
 Mathematical weights
 The taxable net price of each OrderItem.
 Result multiplier
 One
The lookup number is converted to the currency of the calculation scale. If no conversion is possible, this calculation method returns null.
For the lookup number to be converted to the currency of the calculation scale, the conversion from the calculation scale currency to the order currency must be defined in WebSphere Commerce.
TaxableNetPricePlusNetShippingCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
This command is suitable for combined sales and shipping tax scales.
The values calculated by this command are as follows:
 Base monetary value
 The sum of the taxable net prices plus the sum of all the shipping charges for the OrderItems (ORDERITEMS.SHIPCHARGE)
 Lookup number
 The sum of the taxable net prices plus the sum of all the shipping charges for the OrderItems (ORDERITEMS.SHIPCHARGE)
 Mathematical weights
 The taxable net price for each OrderItem plus the shipping charge for each OrderItem divided by the OrderItem quantity (ORDERITEMS.QUANTITY)
 Result multiplier
 One
The lookup number is converted to the currency of the calculation scale. If no conversion is possible, this calculation method returns null.
For the lookup number to be converted to the currency of the calculation scale, the conversion from the calculation scale currency to the order currency must be defined in WebSphere Commerce.
TaxableUnitPriceCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
This command is suitable for peritem sales tax scales, especially where a maximum tax per item is specified. You should use this command only when order items are grouped by offer. Grouping is determined by the grouping method attribute of the calculation code.
The values calculated by this command are as follows:
 Base monetary value
 The sum of taxable net prices divided by the sum of OrderItem quantities
 Lookup number
 The sum of taxable net prices divided by the sum of OrderItem quantities
 Mathematical weights
 The taxable unit price for each OrderItem
 Result multiplier
 The sum of the OrderItem quantities
The lookup number is converted to the currency of the calculation scale. If no conversion is possible, this calculation method returns null.
For the lookup number to be converted to the currency of the calculation scale, the conversion from the calculation scale currency to the order currency must be defined in WebSphere Commerce.
TaxableUnitPricePlusUnitShippingCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
This command is suitable for peritem combined sales and shipping tax scales, especially where a maximum tax per item is specified. You should use this command only when order items are grouped by offer. Grouping is determined by the grouping method attribute of the calculation code.
The values calculated by this command are as follows:
 Base monetary value
 The sum of taxable net prices plus the sum of all the shipping charges for the OrderItems, divided by the sum of the OrderItem quantities
 Lookup number
 The sum of taxable net prices for the OrderItems, divided by the sum of the OrderItem quantities
 Mathematical weights
 The taxable net prices plus the charges, divided by the OrderItem quantity (ORDERITEMS.QUANTITY), for each OrderItem
 Result multiplier
 The sum of the OrderItem quantities
The lookup number is converted to the currency of the calculation scale. If no conversion is possible, this calculation method returns null.
For the lookup number to be converted to the currency of the calculation scale, the conversion from the calculation scale currency to the order currency must be defined in WebSphere Commerce.
UnitPriceCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
This command is appropriate for discount or shipping scales that specify a fixed or maximum charge per item based on the unit price of each item. Use this command only when items are grouped by offer. Grouping is determined by the grouping method attribute of the calculation code.
The values calculated by this command are as follows:
 Base monetary value
 The sum of net prices divided by the sum of OrderItem quantities
 Lookup number
 The sum of net prices divided by the sum of OrderItem quantities
 Mathematical weights
 The net price divided by the OrderItem quantity (ORDERITEMS.QUANTITY), for each OrderItem
 Result multiplier
 The sum of the OrderItem quantities
The lookup number is converted to the currency of the calculation scale. If no conversion is possible, this calculation method returns null.
For the lookup number to be converted to the currency of the calculation scale, the conversion from the calculation scale currency to the order currency must be defined in WebSphere Commerce.
UnitShippingCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
This command is appropriate for per item shipping tax scales, especially where a maximum tax per item may be specified.
The values calculated by this command are as follows:
 Base monetary value
 The sum of shipping charges for the OrderItems divided by sum of the OrderItem quantities
 Lookup number
 The sum of shipping charges for the OrderItems divided by sum of the OrderItem quantities
 Mathematical weights
 The shipping charges divided by the OrderItem quantity (ORDERITEMS.QUANTITY), for each OrderItem
 Result multiplier
 The sum of the OrderItem quantities
The lookup number is converted to the currency of the calculation scale. If no conversion is possible, this calculation method returns null.
For the lookup number to be converted to the currency of the calculation scale, the conversion from the calculation scale currency to the order currency must be defined in WebSphere Commerce.
QuantityCalculationScaleLookup calculation methods
For QuantityCalculationScaleLookup calculation methods, the lookup number is a value that may or may not have an associated unit of measurement. Here are some common values that are used in the calculation framework:
 Actual quantity
 The actual quantity of an OrderItem is the OrderItem quantity (ORDERITEMS.QUANTITY) multiplied by the nominal quantity of the item (CATENTSHIP.NOMINALQUANTITY).
 Net price
 The value for net price is the unit price of the OrderItem (ORDERITEMS.PRICE) multiplied by the quantity of the OrderItem (ORDERITEMS.QUANTITY) plus the sum of all adjustments associated with the OrderItem.
The QuantityCalculationScaleLookup calculation methods are provided with WebSphere Commerce
 QuantityCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
 QuantitySpreadByNetPriceCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
 WeightCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
 WeightSpreadByNetPriceCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
QuantityCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
This command is suitable for shipping scales.
If the calculation scale has a unit of measurement associated with it, the values calculated are as follows:
 Base monetary value
 The sum of the net prices of the OrderItems
 Lookup number
 The sum of the actual quantities of the OrderItems, converted to the unit
of measurement of the calculation scale
If no conversion is possible, the calculation scale is not used by the calling calculation rule.
 Mathematical weights
 The actual quantity of each OrderItem
 Result multiplier
 One
If the calculation scale is not associated with a unit of measurement, the values calculated are as follows:
 Base monetary value
 The sum of the net prices of the OrderItems
 Lookup number
 The sum of the OrderItem quantities (ORDERITEMS.QUANTITY)
 Mathematical weights
 The OrderItem quantity (ORDERITEMS.QUANTITY) of each OrderItem
 Result multiplier
 One
QuantitySpreadByNetPriceCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
This command is suitable for discount and shipping scales.
If the calculation scale has a unit of measurement associated with it, the values calculated are as follows:
 Base monetary value
 The sum of the net prices of the OrderItems
 Lookup number
 The sum of actual quantities of the OrderItems, converted to the unit
of measurement of the calculation scale.
If no conversion is possible, the calculation scale is not used by the calling calculation rule.
 Mathematical weights
 The net price of each OrderItem
 Result multiplier
 One
If the calculation scale is not associated with a unit of measurement, the values calculated are as follows:
 Base monetary value
 The sum of the net prices of the OrderItems
 Lookup number
 The sum of OrderItem quantities (ORDERITEMS.QUANTITY)
 Mathematical weights
 The net price of each OrderItem
 Result multiplier
 One
WeightCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
This command is suitable for discount and shipping scales.
The values calculated by this command are as follows:
 Base monetary value
 The sum of net prices of the OrderItems
 Lookup number
 The sum of the shipping weights (CATENTSHIP.WEIGHT) multiplied by quantity (ORDERITEMS.QUANTITY) of the OrderItems. The total is converted to the unit of measure of the calculation scale.
 Mathematical weights
 The shipping weight (CATENTSHIP.WEIGHT) multiplied by the quantity (ORDERITEMS.QUANTITY) of each OrderItem
 Result multiplier
 One
WeightSpreadByNetPriceCalculationScaleLookupCmdImpl
The values calculated by this command are as follows:
 Base monetary value
 The sum of net prices of the OrderItems
 Lookup number
 The sum of the shipping weight (CATENTSHIP.WEIGHT) multiplied by quantity (ORDERITEMS.QUANTITY) of the OrderItems
 Mathematical weights
 The net price of each of item
 Result multiplier
 One
CalculationRange calculation method
The CalculationRange calculation method calculates a monetary amount for a particular calculation range. The CalculationRuleCalculate calculation method calls the CalculationRange calculation method and passes it the following parameters:
 Currency
 This is the order currency. The returned monetary amount will be in this currency.
 Calculation range lookup result
 This is the value obtained from the CALRLOOKUP database table using the lookup number.
 Applicable part of the lookup number
 This number is based on the lookup number determined by the CalculationScaleLookup
calculation method. The applicable part of the lookup number can be determined
as follows:
 Noncumulative calculation ranges:
 The applicable part of the lookup number is the same as the lookup number.
 Cumulative calculation ranges:
 The applicable part of the lookup number is determined by the following
formula:
Where:min(lookupNumber, rangeEnd)  rangeStart
 lookupNumber
 The lookup number determined by CalculationScaleLookup calculation method.
 rangeEnd
 The rangeStart attribute (CALRANGE.RANGESTART) of the next calculation range in the list of calculation ranges to be processed. If there are no more calculation ranges to be processed, rangeEnd is infinity.
 rangeStart
 The rangeStart attribute (CALRANGE.RANGESTART) of the calculation range currently being processed.
 Applicable base monetary value
 This number is based on the base monetary value determined by the CalculationScaleLookup
calculation method. The applicable base monetary value is determined as follows:
 Noncumulative calculation ranges:
 The applicable base monetary value is the same as the base monetary value.
 Cumulative calculation ranges:
 The applicable base monetary value is determined by the following formula:
Where:min(baseMonetaryValue, rangeEnd*unitValue)  rangeStart*unitValue
 baseMonetaryValue
 The base monetary value determined by the CalculationScaleLookup calculation method.
 rangeEnd

The rangeStart attribute (CALRANGE.RANGESTART) of the next calculation range in the list of calculation ranges to be processed. If there are no more calculation ranges to be processed, rangeEnd is infinity.
 rangeStart

The rangeStart attribute (CALRANGE.RANGESTART) of the calculation range currently being processed.
 unitValue

The base monetary value divided by lookup number. The base monetary value and lookup number are determined by the CalculationScaleLookup calculation method.
PercentageCalculationRangeCmdImpl
This command expects the calculation range lookup result that is not a monetary amount. If the calculation range lookup result has a currency, the currency is ignored. This CalculationRange calculation method calculates a monetary amount by dividing the calculation range lookup result by 100 and multiplying the result by the applicable base monetary value.
PerUnitAmountCalculationRangeCmdImpl
This command expects the calculation range lookup result to be a monetary amount. If the monetary amount is not in the specified currency, this command converts the lookup result to the specified currency (if the currency conversion is defined). Otherwise, this calculation range method calculates a monetary amount by multiplying the range lookup result by the applicable part of the lookup number.
FixedAmountCalculationRangeCmdImpl
This command expects the calculation range lookup result to be a monetary amount. If the monetary amount is not in the specified currency, this command converts the lookup result to the specified currency (if the currency conversion is defined). The range lookup result is returned as the monetary amount and no other calculations are performed by this command.
How calculation scales and calculation ranges are used
Calculation scales and calculation ranges are used by CalculationRuleCalculate calculation methods to determine a monetary amount for each order item in a list. The default implementation of CalculationRuleCalculate performs the following steps to obtain monetary amounts using calculation scales and calculation rules:
 Sets the calculated monetary amounts for each OrderItem to zero.
 Sets the total monetary amount for the calculation scale to zero.
 Passes the CalculationScaleLookup calculation method a list of OrderItems.
The CalculationScaleLookup calculation method returns the following values:
 A lookup number
 A base monetary value
 A result multiplier
 A set of mathematical weights, one for each OrderItem
 Finds calculation ranges that match the lookup number. The CalculationRuleCalculate
calculation method determines which calculation scales are used to determine
the calculation ranges.
A calculation range matches a lookup number that is greater than or equal to the starting value of the range (CALRANGE.RANGESTART). If the starting value of a calculation range is not defined, the calculation range always matches the lookup number.
Calculation ranges are found by using the lookup number to locate ranges in the CALRANGE database table. The IDs of the calculation ranges are used later to find lookup results.
 Sorts the calculation ranges in ascending sequence, by the starting value of the ranges.
 Processes each calculation range by performing the following steps:
 Obtains calculation range lookup results for the calculation range if
the lookup number is greater than or equal to the starting value of the calculation
range being processed and one of the following conditions is met:
 This is the last calculation range being processed.
 The lookup number is less than the starting value of the next calculation range to be processed.
 The calculation range is cumulative.
Calculation range lookup results are obtained by using the calculation range ID to locate lookup results in the CALRLOOKUP database table.
All calculation range lookup results should be either associated or not associated with a currency. The behavior when some calculation range lookup results are associated with a currency and some are not is undefined. Such configurations are discouraged.
 Obtains one monetary amount for lookup results for calculation ranges
by doing one of the following things:
 Processes lookup results associated with currencies. See Processing lookup results associated with currencies.
 Processes lookup results not associated with currencies. See Processing lookup results not associated with currencies.
 Multiplies the monetary amount obtained by the result multiplier and does
one of the following things with the resulting value:
 Noncumulative calculation ranges:
 Replaces the current total monetary amount for the calculation scale with the resulting value.
 Cumulative calculation ranges:
 Adds the resulting value to the total monetary amount for the calculation scale.
 Obtains calculation range lookup results for the calculation range if
the lookup number is greater than or equal to the starting value of the calculation
range being processed and one of the following conditions is met:
 Spreads the total monetary amount for the calculation scale over the order items in proportion to the mathematical weight assigned to each item.
Processing lookup results associated with currencies
When a calculation range has multiple lookup results in multiple currencies, there are two possible situations:
 The list of currencies in the result contains the order currency.
 The list of currencies in the result does not contain the order currency.
Lookup result currencies contain the order currency
There should be only one calculation range lookup result with a currency that matches the order currency. If multiple calculation range lookup results share the order currency, an exception is thrown.
The calculation range lookup result is processed by calling a CalculationRange calculation method to obtain a monetary amount. For more information, see Calling a CalculationRange calculation method.
Lookup result currencies do not contain the order currency
If none of the currencies of the lookup results matches the order currency, the monetary amounts for the lookup results are obtained by performing the following steps:
 Convert the lookup results to the order currency. If no conversion from the lookup result currency to the order currency is defined in WebSphere Commerce, the lookup result is dropped from the list of lookup results to be processed.
 For each of the converted lookup results, a CalculationRange calculation method is called to obtain a monetary amount for each of the converted lookup results. For more information, see Calling a CalculationRange calculation method.
 Compare the monetary amounts for each of the lookup results. The lowest value is considered the valid monetary amount.
Processing lookup results not associated with currencies
If the calculation range lookup results are not associated with a currency, only one lookup result should be found. If multiple lookup results are found that are not associated with currencies, an exception is thrown.
The calculation range lookup result is processed by calling a CalculationRange calculation method to obtain a monetary amount. For more information, see Calling a CalculationRange calculation method.
Calling a CalculationRange calculation method
To obtain a monetary amount from a CalculationRange calculation method, call a CalculationRange calculation method, passing it the following parameters:
 An order currency
 A calculation range lookup result
 The applicable part of the lookup number
 The applicable base monetary value
The value of the monetary amount depends on the CalculationRange calculation method called. For information about the different CalculationRange calculation methods provided with WebSphere Commerce and definitions of the parameters required by CalculationRange calculation methods, see CalculationRange calculation method.